Sargodha ,is a city located in Punjab province, Pakistan.It is located in northeast Pakistan, to the north-west of Lahore by the lower JhelumCanal.It is 10th largest city of Pakistan. It is an agricultural trade ce ntre with varied industries.[Sargodha is one of three "planned cities" in Pakistan (the other two are Faisalabad and Islamabad.Sargodha Air Base hosts the Headquarters of the Central Air Command, one of three combatant air commands on the Pakistani Air Force. Aircraft currently based at this facility include two squadrons of General Dynamics F-16A fighters. The base is also the site of the Pakistan Air Force Combat Commander School. This fighter tactics and weapons school is the Pakistani equivalent of the American "Topgun" school at US Naval Air Station Miramar in California.
History of Sargodha There are several theories as to the origins of the name.It may be derived from the Sanskrit Svargadhama, meaning Heavenly Abode although this would have resulted in Punjabi Sargdham. Sargodha may be derived from a legend about a pond where an old Hindu Sadhu Godha used to live, as the Punjabi word for pond is Sar: Sargodha might translate to "the pool of Godha". However, Punjabi would reverse the order of the component words (for example, Amritsar means "the pool of nectar." The etymology must lie in Sar + Godha, with Sar being the adjective and Godha the noun. Just over a century ago, there was a well owned by a Hindu, Godha, which was known as GolKhuh, Punjabi for Round Well, and travelers used it as a resting place. The well eventually went out of use; now, there is a market where GolKhuh was and a grand mosque abov e the market and it is known as "GolChowk", which is the centre of downtown Sargodha today Sargodha was a small town at the beginning of the British Raj but, due to its geographical location, the British Royal Air Force built an airport there.
It took on greater importance after the Partition of India for the Pakistan Air Force Shahpur, which is now a tehsil of Sargodh District, was the district at that time. Most parts of the tehsil Sillanwali and KiranaPahari region were part of Jhang district and were included later during the British Raj in the Sargodha district 1965 Pakistan India War The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 started on September 6, 1965 and Sargodha was on its front line. The Citizens of Sargodha supported the Pakistan Army against the advancing and numerically larger Indian Army. In 1966, recognising this bravery, the Government of Pakistan awarded the citizens of Lahore, Sialkot, and Sargodha the award of Hilal-E-Istaqlal. PAF Base PAF Base Sargodha is now known as PAF Base.
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